Controlling the flow of a liquid in factories and manufacturing industries is very important and sometimes the flow needs to be completely stopped for cleaning, maintenance, or repair purposes. To achieve this task most commonly ball valves are used. Ball valves are mostly used to control or complet read more...ely stop the flow of a fluid flowing through a pipeline. These valves offer high precision fluid obstruction due to which these are more popularly used as shut-off valves than other types of valves such as gate valves. These are perfect for shut-off valves but are not precise when it comes to controlling the flow of fluid because these are designed to completely stop the flow by turning the valve handle at an angle of 90°. To control the flow of the liquid, the handle can be partially turned instead of completely turning which will result in a decrease in the flow rate of the fluid. Multiple types of ball valves are available in the market such as threaded ball valves, hydraulic ball valves, flanged ball valves, and vented ball valves. Based on the functioning, ball valves with T-shaped bore and L-shaped bore are also available. The use of a T-shaped bore ball valve is that it allows the fluid to travel into two different lines at the same time from a single supply line and can be used to stop the flow in both the lines at the same time. Also, based on manufacturing, three types of ball valves can be found in the markets, which are one-piece, two-piece, and three-piece ball valves which offer different advantages and are differently priced, one-piece being the cheapest and three-piece being the most expensive ball valve. To know if a ball valve is open or closed is simple. If the handle of the ball valve is in line with the pipeline system then it is open and liquid is flowing through it, but if the handle is perpendicular to the pipes, then it is closed and the fluid is not able to flow through the valve. These valves are available as both manual and automatic ball valves. The applications of ball valves are indefinite. Most common uses include water pipelines and gas pipelines. These valves are generally WRAS, KIWA, or DVGW approved making them safe to work with drinking water supply systems. If you too are purchasing one for yourself, do check if the product does or does not have these approvals for safe usage. show less
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